Science 326: Scientific Reasoning deals with both the formal and informal aspects of scientific reasoning. Topics covered include: what is science? what is reason? the scientific method; relations between theory and experiment; scientific paradigms; explanation and prediction; what is a scientific theory? principles of reasoning; systems of analytical reasoning; tools for analysis (Venn diagrams, classification, syllogisms, Boolean logic); statistical inference; traps and fallacies of reason; mathematics in science.
Science 480: Research Methods in Science program is intended to introduce undergraduate students to the practice and the underlying theories in 21st-century scientific research. To that end, the course opens with a broadly based, cross-disciplinary discussion of current designs and methods used by researchers in various fields of endeavour. A wide range of conceptual and technical aspects of these methods are covered.